"Indians today are governed by two different ideologies. Their political ideal set in the preamble of the Constitution affirms a life of liberty, equality and fraternity. Their social ideal embodied in their religion denies them."

Legislation related to
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Welfare

  • BD Sharma Draft Model Guidelines, Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act
  • Centre, State Acts and Rules on Manual Scavenging
  • Constitution (Eighty-Ninth Amendment)Act, 2003
  • Constitution (Sixty-fifth Amendment) Act, 1990
  • Draft Model Panchayat and Gram Swaraj Act
  • Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines Prohibition Act, 1993
  • Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, with amendments made in 1988
  • Model Rules for Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act
  • National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005
  • Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
  • Prohibition of Manual Scavenging Act, 2013
  • Prohibition of Manual Scavenging Rules, 2013
  • Proposed amendments to Article 243 of the Constitution
  • Protection of Civil Rights Rules, 1977
  • The National Commission for Safai Karamcharis Act, 1993
  • The Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955
  • The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1994
  • The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
  • The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 2015
  • The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act, 2016
  • The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Rules, 1995
  • The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Rules, 2016
  • The Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006

"Humans are mortal. So are ideas. An idea needs propagation as much as a plant needs watering. Otherwise both will wither and die."

"Rights are not protected by law but by the social and moral conscience of society. If social conscience is such that it is prepared to recognise the rights which law chooses to enact, rights will be safe and secure. But if the fundamental rights are opposed by the community, no Law no Parliament, no judiciary can guarantee them in the real sense of the word."

data on
scheduled castes and scheduled tribes

  • Access to Public Services
  • Discrimination
  • Economic data
  • Education data
  • Employment in Private Sector
  • Employment in Public Sector
  • Health data
  • Household Data

"Democracy is not merely a form of Government. It is primarily a mode of associated living, of conjoint communicated experience. It is essentially an attitude of respect and reverence towards our fellow men."

"So long as you do not achieve social liberty, whatever freedom is provided by the law is of no avail to you."

Papers and Articles

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"What are we having this liberty for? We are having this liberty in order to reform our social system, which is full of inequality, discrimination and other things, which conflict with our fundamental rights."

"Freedom of mind is the real freedom. A person whose mind is not free though he may not be in chains, is a slave not a free man. One whose mind is not free, though he may not be in prison, is a prisoner and not a free man. One whose mind is not free though alive, is no better than dead. Freedom of mind is the proof of one’s existence."

Reports

  • 2011 Karnataka Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocity) Act Monitoring
  • A Handbook of Dalit Human Rights Defenders, Swadhikar-National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  • Caste Discrimination and UN Human Rights Bodies, International Dalit Solidarity Network
  • Dalit Rights, National Human Rights Commission
  • Draft Recommendations, Essential Elements of the Implementation Framework of Scheduled Castes Sub-Plan, National Advisory Council
  • Draft Recommendations, Working Group on Denotified and Nomadic Tribes, National Advisory Council
  • Equality at work, the Continuing Challenge, International Labour Organisation
  • Equality in Aid – Addressing Caste Discrimination in Humanitarian Response, International Dalit Solidarity Network
  • First Report of Review Committee on the Backward Region Grants Fund, Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India
  • Human Development Report, 2011, Planning Commission
  • Impact of Climate Change on Life and Livelihoods of Dalits, National Dalit Watch of National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights and Society for Promotion of Wasteland Development
  • Implementation of Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers Act, 2006, Standing Committee on Social Justice and Empowerment, Lok Sabha
  • Institutional Exclusion in Education, Centre for Social Equity and Inclusion and Swadhikar
  • Joint Stakeholders' Report on Caste Based Discrimination in India, 27th Session of the Universal Periodic Review of the UN Human Rights Council, National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights
  • Leave No One Behind - Inclusion of Dalits in Sendai Framework of Action 2015-2030, Asia Dalit Rights Forum
  • Raghav Chandra Report on Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled areas) Act, 1996, Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India
  • Recommendations of Technical Advisory Group on for the development of Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-nomadic Tribes, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India
  • Recommendations on Measures to Eradicate Manual Scavenging, National Advisory Council
  • Report Card on the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocity) Act, 1989, National Coalition for Strengthening SCs and STs (Prevention of Atrocities) Act
  • Report of the Task Group on Development of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, Planning Commission
  • Report on Constitution (Scheduled Caste) Orders (Amendment) Bill, 2014
  • Report on Denotified and Nomadic Tribes in India, Forum for Facting Finding Documentation and Advocacy
  • Report on Development of Primitive Tribal Groups, Standing Committee on Labour and Welfare, Lok Sabha
  • Report on Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Bill, 2012, Standing Committee on Social Justice and Empowerment, Lok Sabha
  • Report on Reservation in Judiciary, National Commission for Scheduled Castes
  • Report on Reservation in Promotion, National Commission on Scheduled Castes
  • Report on Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocity) Amendment bill, 2014, Standing Committee on Social Justice and Empowerment, Lok Sabha
  • Report on Scholarship Schemes for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Castes, Standing Committee on Social Justice and Empowerment, Lok Sabha
  • Report on Sub-Group on Safai Karmacharies, Working Group on the “Empowerment of Scheduled Castes, XI Five Year Plan
  • Report on The Problems of Migrant Scheduled Castes in Obtaining Caste Certificates, National Commission for Scheduled Castes
  • Report on the Committee on Elimination of Racial Discrimination, General Assembly, United Nations
  • Report on the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India
  • Report on the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act for the year 2008, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India
  • Status of Special Component Plan for SCs and Tribal Sub Plan for STs, National Campaign for Dalit Human Rights
  • Study of Cases of Exploitation of Scheduled Caste Labour in the Brick Kiln Sector, National Commission of Scheduled Castes
  • Task force to Review Guidelines under the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Sub-Plans, Planning Commission
  • UPA Government's report to the People, 2004-'08
  • Working Group on Empowerment of the Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and Nomadic, Semi-nomadic and Denotified Tribes, Planning Commission

"Political tyranny is nothing compared to the social tyranny and a reformer who defies society is a more courageous man than a politician who defies Government"

"I do not want that our loyalty as Indians should be in the slightest way affected by any competitive loyalty whether that loyalty arises out of our religion, out of our culture or out of our language. I want all people to be Indians first, Indian last and nothing else but Indians."

Principles of
Human Rights

  • Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice.
  • Declaration on the Rights and Responsibilities of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society.
  • Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
  • Declaration on the Rights of Persons belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and linguistic minorities.
  • Human Rights Committee concluding observations under article 40 of the covenant.
  • ILO Convention 107.
  • ILO Convention 169.
  • International Bill of Human Rights.
  • International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid.
  • International Conventions, instruments on manual scavenging.
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
  • International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

"Constitution is not a mere lawyer’s document, it is a vehicle of Life, and its spirit is always the spirit of Age."