Idea of India

At a time when other political and cultural organisations were sowing the seeds of partition, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Vallabbhai Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Sarojini Naidu and all of India’s founding fathers and mothers were crafting the idea of India and Indian-ness at the Karachi session of the All India Congress Committee in 1931.

Presided over by Sardar Patel and spearheaded by Pandit Nehru, the Indian National Congress unanimously resolved to institutionalize socio-economic equality for all, irrespective of their religion, caste, gender and birth (which subsequently became the Right to Equality & Right against Exploitation in the Constitution of India), abolition of untouchability, religious tolerance and secularism (the Right to Freedom of Religion), safeguarding minority rights (affirmative action and Cultural and Educational Rights of minorities), the right to form associations, freedom of expression of thought, universal adult franchise, inclusive industrial development, and socialism. Each of these norms and principles are deeply enshrined in the Indian Constitution, which defines who we are as a people.

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar saw his own principles mirrored in the Congress Party's resolution. That is why he closely partnered with the Congress in embedding each of its principles in the Constitution of India, eventually becoming the principal author of the Constitution Bill. Despite their disagreements, their fundamental agreements on ideology and issues overshadowed everything else. Working in close collaboration, they strived to to forge an India which is just, empowering, and inclusive.

It is because of the discipline of the Congress Party that the Drafting Committee was able to pilot the Constitution in the Assembly with the sure knowledge as to the fate of each article and each amendment. The Congress Party is, therefore, entitled to all the credit for the smooth sailing of the Draft Constitution in the Assembly.